The unit must be used and maintained in accordance with the instructions and its operation must be observed regularly. While maintaining the wastewater system, maintenance of the pump well and the sedimentation tanks, if any, also needs to be taken into account.
The unit must be used and maintained in accordance with the instructions and its operation must be observed regularly.
Water from washing, the sauna, dishwashing or the laundry can be piped to the filter. The purifier tolerates a small amount of anti-bacterial and chlorine-based agents commonly used for cleaning. Follow the dosing instructions issued by the manufacturer of the detergent.
Wastewater from a WC or dry toilet, rain or storm water, and the drainage water from foundations must not be fed to the filter. Toxic chemicals or substances that contain such chemicals, which can kill the micro-organisms that clean the wastewater, such as drain openers, paints, oils or dissolvents, must not be fed to the purifier. Harmful substances can be identified from the chemical markings on the package.
Check the operation of the filter at least twice during each operating season. In a well-functioning purifier, the filter material is moist and the water exiting it is clear and odourless and does not contain any significant amount of solid matter.
Normally, the filter material in the purifier must be replaced every 100 days of operation. Only filter material specifically intended for Biolan filters is allowed. Biolan Oy does not guarantee the purification capacity of the unit if any other filter material is used.
Place the filter on a firm and even surface that is not susceptible to frost, such as, for example, a bed of gravel or crushed stone or a cast concrete slab. The filter must be in a horizontal position to allow the wastewater to flow smoothly and take advantage of the entire cleaning surface area of the filter material.
While installing gravity flow sewers, a sufficient gradient (of at least 1-1,5 %) needs to be provided to allow the wastewater to flow without obstruction from the sewer outlet of the house all the way to the discharge point.
There are inlet and outlet connectors for 75 mm sewer pipes on both sides of the filter unit. The pipes can be installed from either side, depending on the requirements of the location. The sewer pipe from the building is connected to the inlet connector at the upper edge of the filter. A discharge pipe is connected to the outlet connector at the lower edge of the unit. The unused holes shall be closed with plugs (product no. 571513).
If the purifier is to be used in winter, the inlet sewer must be insulated. If the filter is provided with a heating cable, the cable will also heat up the discharge pipe. Therefore, the need whether to insulate the discharge sewer must be considered case by case.
The filter material has been placed ready on the trays inside the unit. For transportation it is packed in plastic bags. Remove the plastic bags.
The operation of the filter is based on the activity of the micro-organisms. The micro-organisms need oxygen to survive. Therefore, the air exchange in the filter must be taken care of. There are two adjustable disk valves for ventilation in the rear wall of the unit. Set both disk valves about 10–20 mm ajar for the summer. In winter keep the valves only slightly ajar (about 5–10 mm).
The operation of the filter is based on the mechanical and biological filtration of wastewater. Organic filter material, to which the dirt in the wastewater sticks, is used in the filter. The micro-organisms living on the surface of the filter material use the impurities as their nutrition.
The Greywater Filter 125 consists of ten filter boxes placed one on top of the other. The wastewater is conducted into the uppermost filter box. Inside the filter, the wastewater flows by gravitation from one filter layer to the other through the openings in the end of the box. The circulation of air inside the unit is natural: air flows in through the lower air valve in the rear wall and out through the upper valve. The oxygen supply to the micro-organisms is essential for the operation of the unit.
Building a wastewater system or changing it requires a building or action permission from the municipal building authority or submission of notification of action. The building permission is applied on submission of the relevant plan. The plan includes, among other things, a site plan and a cross-section presenting the height position.
The Biolan Greywater Filter 125 is to be placed above the ground. Place the filter in a location, where water will no gather, not even when there is flooding. The purifier can be installed out of doors without covering. The unit is thermally insulated, which means it can be used in slight frost. If the filter is used in winter, it must, however, be equipped with the Biolan Heating Cable, which is available as an option, or the filter must be placed in a space, where the temperature stays above zero.
Biolan Greywater Filters are primarily intended for installation out of doors. If the filter is to be installed indoors or in close proximity to a residential building (for example, under the terrace), it must be taken into account during the planning that this space needs to be provided with its own entrance for maintenance. The space must be provided with a floor well or an earthen floor for possible malfunctions.
The replacement air for the filter is taken from the end of the discharge pipe and the outlet air is conducted as sewer ventilation to the roof of the building. To avoid odour problems, the air valves need to be kept closed. The outlet air can also be led through the upper air valve in the rear wall of the filter into a separate outlet air channel. While installing indoors, the outlet air channel shall be equipped with a ventilator that keeps a slight vacuum inside the filter.
Whenever the Greywater Filter is located in a warm space in a residential building, or in close proximity to a residential building, the correct installation must always be verified with the expert in charge of planning the HVAC system of the building.
The wasterwater is conducted directly to the filter either using gravity flow drainage or a pump well. If existing sedimentation wells are utilised in connection with pumping, they need to be in good condition and hermetically sealed. The operation of the pump must be sequenced using a timer so that during one sequence the pump brings at maximum 20 litres of wastewater to the filter. The interval between the sequences must be at least 10 minutes. The Biolan Timer, the Submersible Pump and the Pump Well are available as options.
The space required for use and maintenance measures must be taken into account while selecting the location. A free space at least one metre deep is required for changing the filter material in front of the unit. Sufficient space is required also at the side and in the rear of the unit so as to enable the maintenance of the inlet and outlet connectors of the sewers and the adjustment of the valves in the rear wall. The air valves must not be covered to ensure the oxygen supply to the micro-organisms.
Coduct the treated wastewater to a suitable discharge point, for example a stone pocket or an open ditch. Observe during planning that the discharge of wastewater must be unobstructed and the end of the pipe must not be submerged even when the level of surface water or groundwater is high. If you lead the water to an open ditch, provide the end of the pipe with a flap or a net to prevent rodents or other small animals from gaining access.
The Biolan Greywater Filter 125 is especially designed for purifying washing waters in weekend residences. The filter purifies the property"s washing, sauna, dishwashing and laundry waters.
|The Purifier meets the requirements of decree (157/2017) of the State Council on the treatment of domestic wastewater outside the sewer systems of the waterworks. (in Finland)|
The treatment capacity of a filter installed in accordance with the instructions is about 500 litres per day, i.e. in practice the washing waters of 1–5 people. The cleaning capacity of the filter material is good for about 100 days, after which it needs to be replaced in accordance with the maintenance instructions.
The filter is made of frost-resistant materials and it is thermally insulated. The metal parts are of stainless steel. The unit is reliable in operation and long-lasting.